eczema overview, symptoms, causes, treatments

Eczema is a chronic skin condition which leaves sufferers with scaly skin and itchy rashes that may become infected if scratched. Eczema symptoms can make many people feel self-conscious, which may then delay or prevent treatment.

Atopic eczema is the most common form of the skin condition. Other types include nummular and dyshidrotic eczema. Contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis are also included in this category.

Atopic eczema is a hypersensitive skin reaction similar to an allergy which causes the skin to become chronically inflamed. It has a hereditary component, meaning that several members of the same family are likely to suffer from this and other hypersensitivity issues such as asthma or hayfever. It is most common in infants, and in many cases infants outgrow the condition in their teens or in adulthood. Research suggests that certain kinds of animal companions influence the likelihood of developing eczema. The bacteria in your gut also affect the likelihood of developing this condition, through their influence on immune function.

What to do about eczema

Eczema triggers can be difficult to avoid or manage as these often include common allergens. The most common triggers include pollen, mould, animal hair, and dust mites. Everyday substances such as soaps, laundry detergents, and skin moisturisers can also present problems. Dry, cracked heels, especially in winter, are another possible manifestation of this condition.

Attempts to treat dry, flaky, itchy skin with moisturising creams can sometimes worsen symptoms. Viral infections such as the flu and colds can also exacerbate the condition, as can exposure to heat and cold, environmental irritants, and prolonged bathing. Other exacerbating factors include skin dehydration, perfumes and cologne, stress, and contact with rough materials or chafing fabrics. Many food allergens also contribute to eczema and may cause internal damage as well as external symptoms.

Continue Reading –> Eczema Treatment

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